30 July 2005

Frequency Research Workshop - Seattle 20 Aug 2005

Dr. Jeff Sutherland and Dr. Dick Loyd will discuss their latest findings in identifying frequencies for balancing the body and improving health, well-being and longevity.

Many people have asked for help in using the Cameron Aurameter and saliva testing to identify frequencies. New ways to use the FSCAN for scanning the body, the Advanced Biophoton Analyzer for remote transmission of frequencies, and the new F165 frequency generator will be discussed. Hardware and cabling for enhancement of these devices will be explained along with plate zapping techniques to target specific organ systems and enhance their function. The workshop will be as hands on as possible given space and time constraints.

It will be held at the Doubletree Guest Suites Seattle-Southcenter about 15 minutes from the Seattle airport (not the SeaTac Doubletree). Discounts on rooms are available by talking to Doubletree manager Karen Dodge at 206-575-8220.

The workshop will be held from 9am to 5pm on Saturday, 20 August 2005 and the early bird registration fee is $295 until 15 August. Late registration will be $350. There will be a reception on Friday evening prior to the workshop at 5:30-6:30pm followed by presentations and discussion with Dr. Sutherland and Dr. Loyd. The fee for the reception is $25 for workshop participants and $50 for those only attending the reception.

All questions on the workshop should be directed to Dale Fawcett at (360) 598-6585. You can sign up for the workshop by clicking on the link below - Paypal or credit cards.

Seattle Workshop, Early Bird Registration - $295
Seattle Workshop plus Reception, Early Bird Registration - $320
Seattle Reception Only - $50

24 July 2005

Live Long Enough to Live Forever

I'm in Denver this week and thought I would check out the physician that Ray Kurzweil works with. Ray is a well known and successful serial entrepreneur in the Boston area. Terry Grossman MD, MD(H) is a leading expert on anti-aging and life extension therapies, and the founder and medical director of Frontier Medical Institute in Denver, Colorado. He is the co-author of a new book, Fantastic Voyage: The Science Behind Radical Life Extension. Dr. Grossman's co-author is the world-renowned inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil. Fantastic Voyage is the second book written by Dr. Grossman. In 2000, he wrote the well-received Baby Boomers' Guide to Living Forever. One of the world's leading proponents of anti-aging medicine, Dr. Grossman strongly believes that humanity stands on the verge of radical increases in longevity. Through his clinical practice in Denver, he has developed numerous protocols for measuring and modifying biological age and promoting longevity.

As medical director of Frontier Medical Institute, he devotes most of his professional time to running his nutritional medicine practice with emphasis on intravenous vitamin and nutritional therapies, as well as anti-aging medicine. He utilizes bio-identical hormone replacement therapy where indicated. In addition, Dr. Grossman is assistant professor of family practice at The University of Colorado School of Medicine.

I got my Ph.D. at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and was an Assistant Professor of Radiology, Preventive Medicine, and Biometrics there for many years. I'll post a report on the experience after I go through two days of tests. Sort of like the food critic visiting a high class restaurant.

20 July 2005

Frequency Research Goes Mainstream

Frequency research is going on in labs all over the world and new technology is often first used by the military. Deriving positive uses of military technology in medicine typically takes decades due to systemic suppression of innovation. See comments from the Harvard Business Review in a previous posting.

Israelis unleash Scream at protest
New weapon knocks crowds off feet
Sound blast triggers nausea, dizziness
Mitch Potter

JERUSALEM—The knees buckle, the brain aches, the stomach turns. And suddenly, nobody feels like protesting anymore. Such is the impact of the Scream, the latest weapon in the Israeli army's high-technology toolkit.Launched Friday afternoon near the West Bank village of Bil'in, after another in the almost daily demonstrations against Israel's controversial security barrier turned violent, Israel's secret weapon lived up to its billing, by most accounts.

Witnesses describe a minute-long blast of sound emanating from a white Israeli military vehicle. Within seconds, protestors began falling to their knees, unable to maintain their balance. An Israeli military source, speaking on the customary condition of anonymity, confirmed the existence of the Scream, or Tze'aka in Hebrew, in an interview yesterday.

"The intention is to disperse crowds with sound pulses that create nausea and dizziness," the Israel Defence Force spokesperson told the Toronto Star. "It is probably the cleanest device we have ever had, when you compare it to rubber bullets or tear gas. It is completely non-lethal. It has no adverse effects, unless someone is exposed to the sound for hours and hours."

IDF officials said the technology was researched and developed over a span of five years as a result of "lessons learned" during the Israeli army's withdrawal from Lebanon.

Yet Another Reason to Avoid Aspartame

Aspartame induces lymphomas and leukaemias in rats
Morando Soffritti, Fiorella Belpoggi, Davide Degli Esposti, Luca Lambertini
Eur. J. Oncol., 10 (2), 00-00, 2005

Aspartame, a widely used artificial sweetener, was administered with feed to male and female Sprague-Dawley rats (100-150/sex/group), 8 weeks-old at the start of the experiment, at concentrations of 100,000; 50,000; 10,000; 2,000; 400; 80 and 0 ppm. Treatment lasted until spontaneous death of the animals. In this report we present the first results showing that aspartame, in our experimental conditions, causes a statistically significant, dose-related increase in lymphomas and leukaemias in females. No statistically significant increase in malignant brain tumours was observed
among animals from the treated groups as compared to controls.

Immune System Function is Best Health Indicator

Data summary of a four-color flow cytometric analysis of 40 healthy blood donors (arrayed from left to right). The intensity of the bars represents the frequency of cells (around 0.1% to 10.0%) that responded to classes of stimuli (arrayed from top down). The responses include the production of IFN-?, IL2, or TNF? among CD4+ or CD8+ T cells. White bars represent missing

Immunity is the Best Biomarker

Blood-cell responses offer the most information about organismal health and history

John Dunne, NewScientist, 18 Jul 2005

Faith in the promise of pharmacogenomics has changed the plan for primary healthcare. We expect, someday, that doctors will discern what medicines to prescribe based in part on the mixture of genes sitting on the paper-covered exam tables in their offices.

But while I'm delighted about personalized medicine and its attendant technical and business innovations, I doubt that pharmacogenomics will drive healthcare much. I liken it to trying to understand Los Angeles by reading its phonebook. You will quickly recognize some important names, and with sufficient cross-referencing to other databases (school, hospital, credit, and criminal records, genealogy charts, grocery shipments, etc.), you might develop a sense of what's going on and why some neighborhoods are safer than others, but it will be difficult because the information is too granular and too static.

I'm more encouraged about gene-expression and proteomic profiling. Here, at least, are dynamic assessments of an organism's current state, where reactions to trauma or degeneration are likely visible, though perhaps very subtle. The biggest challenge here will be sorting wheat from chaff. Most mRNA and protein species will not be changing coordinate with disease or therapy. Changes that can be informative are likely to be cell-type specific, and so lost in a sea of complex tissue or body fluid. Nonetheless, big changes will be available for analysis, and biomarkers that highlight specific cellular changes could vastly alter the course of both drug development and patient management.


Immunomodulatory therapies serve as a good example. Clinically managing immunosuppressives has long been a somewhat crude art. These drugs are dosed empirically: If the patient shows opportunistic infection or liver or kidney toxicity, back off; if the patient shows rejection of the transplant, dose up. Both situations are expensive and dangerous, and a biomarker that could enable critical and dynamic dosing would save lives.

On a smaller but still informative scale, the recent withdrawal of natalizumab, an anti-VLA4 therapeutic antibody, is illuminating. Three patients among thousands undergoing treatment with this novel class were diagnosed with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, a rare and often fatal disease associated with failure to control a common virus. Biomarkers that would allow clinicians to recognize such dangers will be critical.

14 July 2005

Cause, Spread, and Therapy of Lyme Disease

Recently, I spent my vacation doing research on Lyme disease because of a massive, active infection that I got by bites from huge mosquitos. Using frequency analysis described elsewhere on this site, I went from having difficulty walking from its crippling effects to being symptom free in a few days. Experiencing the full range of symptom patterns, I realized that I had this infection before in 1969 and that it has caused chronic back pain, undiagnosed athletic injuries, and various other sporadic symptoms for almost 40 years.

Erhlicia and borrelia emit neurotoxic proteins that are very debilitating. When eliminating these pathogens it is important to have frequencies that deactivate the neurotoxins. Otherwise you get sicker from trying to eliminate them, the so-called Lyme herxheimer effect. The parasites can be infected with the other Lyme pathogens. Eliminating the parasites can release other Lyme organisms causing reinfection. This makes Lyme very difficult to deal with.

As soon as I was symptom free, my 2 mile running time decreased by more than 10% over the average the month before the mosquito bites. Athletes take note! Particularly runners and bikers who are outdoors a lot have a high likelihood of Lyme infection. This could be compromising performance even if you are in excellent health and in good training. A 10% performance boost could be a huge win!

Most of the article below has been validated by my own frequency research. The mosquitos, and subsequently the bodily fluids of infected people contain more than half a dozen different parasites, borrelia, babesia, erhlicia, and other pathogens. While all of them appear to be there in all infections, most of them may never be picked up in lab tests.

Over 90% of the people I have tested have detectable Lyme frequencies. The infections are typically chronic and lifelong. Most of them are undiagnosed and symptoms are expressed only when the immune system is depressed through injury, shock, disease episodes, cancer or other incidents.

Every person with cancer I have tested has a Lyme infection. It causes aberration of cells and growth of benign tumors. Therefore it alters DNA and is certainly a cofactor in cancer, not to mention the other diseases listed below.

Based on my analyses, I predict that more than 50% of the entire U.S. population is infected with the Lyme constallation of pathogens and many disease syndromes, random symptoms, mysterious diseases, and so-called "psychosomatic" symptoms are actually manifestations of Lyme organisms.

New Ideas About the Cause, Spread
and Therapy of Lyme Disease

by Dr. James Howenstine

Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients, July 2004

Lyme Disease was initially regarded as an uncommon illness caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb). The disease transmission was thought to be solely by the bite from a tick infected with this spirochete. The Bb spirochete is able to burrow into tendons, muscle cells, ligaments, and directly into organs. A classic bulls-eye rash is often visible in the early stage of the illness. Later in the illness the disease can afflict the heart, nervous system, joints and other organs. It is now realized that the disease can mimic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Bell’s Palsy, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, neuritis, psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia, chronic fatigue, heart failure, angina, irregular heart rhythms, fibromyalgia, dermatitis, autoimmune diseases such as scleroderma and lupus, eye inflammatory reactions, sudden deafness, SIDS, ADD and hyperactivity, chronic pain and many other conditions.

Biology professor, Lida Mattman, author of Cell Wall Deficient Forms: Stealth Pathogens, has been able to recover live spirochetes of Bb from mosquitos, fleas, mites, semen, urine, blood, and spinal fluid. A factor contributing to making Bb so dangerous is that it can survive and spread without having a cell wall (cell wall-deficient CWD). Many valuable antibiotics kill bacteria by breaking down the cell wall. These antibiotics often prove ineffective against Bb.

Lyme Disease is now thought to be the fastest growing infectious disease in the world. There are believed to be at least 200,000 new cases each year in the US and some experts think that as many as one in every 15 Americans is currently infected (20 million persons). Dr. Robert Rowen knows a family where the mother’s infection spread to 5 of her 6 children1 all of whom recovered with appropriate therapy. It is difficult to believe that these children were all bitten by ticks and seems more plausible that person to person spread within the family caused this problem. Dr. Mattman states “I’m convinced Lyme disease is transmissible from person to person.” In 1995 Dr. Mattman obtained positive cultures for Bb from 43 of 47 persons with chronic illness. Only 1 of 23 control patients had a positive Bb culture. Dr. Mattman has subsequently recovered Bb spirochetes form 8 out of 8 cases of Parkinson’s Disease, 41 cases of multiple sclerosis, 21 cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and all tested cases of Alzheimer’s Disease. The complete recovery of several patients with terminal amyotrophic lateral sclerosis after appropriate therapy shows the great importance of establishing the diagnosis of Lyme Disease.

Some very important information has recently become available about the spread and magnitude of the problem with Lyme Disease. The severity of the Lyme illness is related to the spirochete load in the patient. Few spirochetes produce mild and asymptomatic infection. A study from Switzerland in 1998 pointed out that only 12.5% of patients testing positive for Bb had developed symptoms. A German boy developed Lyme arthritis 5 years after his tick bite. Often mycoplasmal infections remain without symptoms until the victim suffers a traumatic event (stress, injury, accident, etc.). These stressing events enable the mycoplasma to begin consumption of cholesterol and symptoms may begin to present. The mechanism of this deterioration is thought to be suppression of the immune system secondary to stress.

Many patients with LD have concomitant infections with other parasites (Ehrlichia in white blood cells and Babesia in red blood cells). Some patients have all 3 parasites. Each requires a different therapy with Babesia being particularly difficult to eradicate. Recently, Artemisinin appears effective in Babesia infections. All co-infections must be eliminated to obtain a successful result. <read more>

11 July 2005

Another Expert on the Payroll Misrepresenting Studies to the Public

Harvard dentist investigated

School launches probe after accusations that faculty member misrepresented fluoride-cancer study

The Harvard School of Dental Medicine announced last week that it is investigating a faculty member after the watchdog Environmental Working Group (EWG) accused him of misrepresenting a study by a former student that reported that fluoride in drinking water increases the risk of bone cancer in young boys.

According to the EWG, Chester Douglass, Harvard's chair of the Department of Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology, said in a report to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) that the still-unpublished study, by former student Elise Bassin, showed that there was no relationship between fluoride and bone cancer.

However, EWG's Mike Casey told The Scientist that a summary of Bassin's work, now available on the EWG Web site, showed exactly the opposite, suggesting that Douglass is "misrepresenting, quite badly, research that he signed off on." As to the researcher's motives for doing so, Casey noted that Douglass is the editor of a newsletter called the Colgate Oral Care Report, funded by Colgate-Palmolive, which makes fluoride-containing toothpaste.

10 July 2005

Health Freedom: The Issue for the 21st Century

Health Freedom will become bigger than the environmental movement in next century. Consumer choice and national sovereignty are at stake.

An excellent documentary is available for viewing on the web. You can watch Mel Gibson be raided and handcuffed by government agents as they confiscate his vitamins in his healthfood store.

We Become Silent

The CODEX-CAFTA Documentary
produced by Kevin Miller

08 July 2005

Using the ABPA as a Mosquito Repellent

Lyme organisms were identified in mosquitos at my Cape Cod home. The attached image of a female mosquito is from the CDC web site.

Transmitting frequencies with an F160 frequency generator connected to an ABPA stirs up the organisms before they are eliminated. This is the typical cause of the "hit" phenomenon when using Rife frequency devices.

My theory was that by transmitting frequencies for Lyme disease to the side of my house which was infested by mosquitos, it would stir up the organisms in the mosquitos and they would avoid coming near that side of the house.

This turned out to be the case. Within a few hours, a heavily infested area in the barbecue area behind the house was mosquito free.

Even more interesting, Beardon has noted that scalar waves stay resident in an area after transmission. The area has been clear of mosquitos for a week after a few hours of transmitting scalar octaves of the Lyme frequencies.

As soon as you go around to a side of the house that did not receive the frequencies, there are mosquitos and they are Lyme infested.

Interesting experiment. The downside is they don't come near my Mosquito Magnet as it was in the target area.

05 July 2005

Update on Lyme: It's not just in ticks any more!

Mosquito Magnet Full of Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is far more widespread than I thought. It is now in the mosquitos on Cape Cod which means everyone is infected. Getting a heavy dose of Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme spirochete, from some huge mosquitos in my back yard was equivalent to Barry Marshall drinking a beaker full of H. Pylori. I got an immediate systemic infection with Lyme organisms.

The good news, is that when I get infected myself, I can document the course of the infection in terms of the frequencies that manifest in precise timing. This allows me to elucidate that nature of the many of the organisms and build a script to target all manifestations of the multiple pathogens. The resulting F100 program may be useful to Lyme diseases researchers. The following chronicles my 4th of July experience.

Summer vacation are always ideal times for frequency research. Close to nature in warm, humid weather, spending time on the beach, eating large quantities of seafood, and walking through the woods allows intimate contact with all kinds of creatures like bugs, parasites, bacteria, fungi, and potentially new organisms never analyzed before. You may remember from a previous posting that after DNA sequencing contents of the intestinal tract, Gibson at the University of Reading in the U.K. found that 75% of the organisms had never been identified before in the scientific literature. So I'm always on the lookout for new findings.

After doing some work on mold discussed in a previous note, I started analysis of mosquito bites. I soon found that by identifying the frequencies of the contents injected by the mosquito into my bloodstream, I could quickly eliminate itching and inflammation. On the evening of 2 July by the barbecue in back of my Cape Cod home, there were some huge mosquitos. I had just cranked up the Mosquito Magnet for the season. On testing a bite on my leg, I picked up 365665hz. Zapping it with my FSCAN2, the itching went away immediately.

However, I woke up in the middle of the night with my knee joints aching. Running a DIRP on the FSCAN, I found a large series of peaks running from 365000hz to 367000hz. I had already figured out this was a bacteria and the 2000hz bandwidth indicated that this bacteria was probably resistant to every antibiotic available. After zapping the peaks, I identified the toxic proteins generated by the bacteria at 9887hz and programmed an F160 to transmit the two frequencies all night to me from one of my ABPAs back in Boston.

As I was doing this, a lightbulb went off. I had previously determined the frequencies from a photo of Borrelia burgdorferi from the New York State Department of Health and the frequency was 366665hz! Rechecking the photo confirmed this.

Checking photos of those with diagnosed Lyme disease and other family members, I found the same frequency. There were also proteins and other forms of the organism at 9667, 3774, 266665, 2444, and 466hz. Over the next day I picked up 4665666hz which are most likely cells being compromised. I see frequencies in this range often when eliminating fat cells.

The organisms went quickly to the joints, particularly the left knee joint just about where I was bitten, as well as the spinal cord, liver, and medulla oblongata which controls breathing, circulation, and muscle tone.

Rechecking the CDC web site, I confirmed the photo below had a frequency of 667766hz. This is from the white dots which appear to be the cyst form of the Lyme parasite. The Pasteur site lists many strains of Borrelia, all of which appear to have primary frequencies between 365000 and 367000hz where I was getting the peaks on my FSCAN DIRP function. The mosquitos apparently carried multiple strains of the organism.

The mosquitos were also infected with Babesia which has a frequencies of 444746, 344144, 246446, and 144244hz.

Everyone I tested with mosquito bites, as well as people across the United States with known and suspected Lyme disease tests positive for these frequencies.

One of the advantages to my systematic approach is that I can run a mini-clinical trial on dozens of photos in an hour or two. Obviously, this is not a well controlled randomized study. However, when you get 100% success rate such controls are not necessarily relevant. When John Snow had enough data during the 1857 cholera epidemic in London, he simply disconnected the pump handle from the common water supply in the square and watched the disease disappear in the surrounding area. The F100 programs on this site are like the pump handle.

On day three, I began picking up 166667hz in my left knee. I have been finding this off and on for years in my system and thought it might be algae as it has a very wide frequency bandwidth. However, examination of the tick larva at the Pasteur site indicated that this is one of the larval forms of the Lyme parasite. All forms of the parasite life cycle need to be destroyed as the parasite will continually reinfect the host with Borrelia burgdorferi. The frequencies are 477646, 346666, 246666, 166667, 76665, and 56777hz.

Running the first program below for more than 24 hours with the ABPA eliminated knee pain and difficulty lifting the leg. I can see how people can be disabled from these organisms. My wife who had the frequencies broadcast by another ABPA woke up the next morning with an itchy spot on her back and toes. This was a cystic form of a second strain of the Lyme parasite. It is typical to have another parasite strain appear when the dominant strain is removed.

The second program below was used for the second Lyme parasite strain, as well as a third strain which was identified later in the week. I have tested these programs on dozens of people across the United States, Europe, and in the Ukraine. They all respond to exactly the same frequencies which indicates they may be generally useful. The consistency of these pathogen frequencies across people tested indicates that a huge number of people have a subclinical Lyme infection. Almost 100% of the human population will be exposed in areas with infected mosquitos. Only my cats, who were kept indoors, were not infected.

Symptoms from this episode were familiar to past experiences. In 1968-1970 I was an F-101 fighter pilot stationed on Cape Cod and experienced lower back pain which I attributed to the stresses of flying the aircraft. It persisted until 1993 when I cured it with homeopathy. Frequency work accelerates the course of a disease and during the week after the current incident, I repeatedly encountered the same back pain that I had in the 1960's so I am convinced that it is a similar infection. Much of the lumbar pain in the United States may be caused by subclinical Lyme infections.

In general, I don't post frequencies on request, only to elucidate mechanisms. In each individual case, there may be residual organisms that need further analysis. However, for this major public health problem the information is available for those researchers who can apply and extend the results. The F100 programming language is documented on Patrick Robin's web site.

repeat 15 # cook pathogens until well done - you may have to vary the number of repetitions
dwell 720
program b
vbackfreq a 403.42879 0 66.6 #generates all primary frequencies from scalar frequencies
duty 66.6
converge 1.2 .01
#4665666 aberrated cells - primary frequencies are commented out
11565.02975 #scalar octave - all frequencies not commented out are scalar octaves
converge .6 .01
vbackfreq a 20.08554 0 66.6 #generates carrier wave at primary frequency
duty 66.6
converge 0 0
5677.4 #neurotoxin by erhlicia
converge 9.3 .01
#264664 erhlicia
converge 14.6 .01
#667766 556567 477646 346666 246666 166667 76665 56777 46655
33246.11150 27709.83928 23780.59406 17259.48384 12280.77701 8297.86132 3816.92560 2826.76038 2322.81567
converge 5 .01
9667 3774 2444 466
converge 5.6 .01
dwell 1440
converge 50 .01
#365000 central frequency for Borrelia burgdorferi
converge 9.6 .01
#444746 344144 246446 144244 Babesia
22142.59951 17133.92086 12269.82385 7181.48589
end repeat

#Second and third strains of Lyme parasite
repeat 30
dwell 360
program b
vbackfreq a 20.08554 0 66.6
duty 66.6
converge 9.6 .01
#667556 545357 456475 346676 246666 166467 76665 56677 46655
33235.65621 27151.72624 22726.55203 17259.98171 12280.77701 8287.90391 3816.92560 2821.78167 2322.81567
#666767 567656 446765 356566 277676 156656 76475 57665 46344
33196.37421 28261.92808 22243.1196 17752.37582 13824.674 7799.442982 3807.466053 2870.971297 2307.331896
end repeat

There are many pathogens that emerge after the first two programs are run. For example, there are hundreds of strains of Borrelia. Other strains emerge when you knock out the primary strain. Frequencies tend to emerge in a time sequence. The frequencies in the next program are in the reverse order of emergence. They have been checked against at least a half a dozen people for consistency and will be updated often. You will need to check back regularly if you are experimenting with these frequencies.

repeat 30
dwell 360
program b
vbackfreq a 20.08554 0 66.6
duty 66.6
converge 3.6 .01
#666666 344443 144444 264443
33191.34572 17148.80719 7191.44330 13165.84172
converge 0 0
5776.4 #neurotoxin
converge 9.6 .01
12667 13762.78867
#444333 666444
22122.03745 33180.29299
#566666 357666
28212.63888 17807.14159
#424644 66444 444445 265441 344446 66667
21141.77986 3308.05197 22127.61360 13215.52921 17148.95655 3319.15449
#167676 244341 5644 366766
8348.09648 12165.02207 280.99821 18260.20392
#366667 356665 266667 644446 566437 666644 144667 376777 144366 77466 34464 566667 367366 447644 44577 766646 246464 447467 167676
18255.27500 17757.30474 13276.56816 32085.07706 28201.23765 33190.25041 7202.54582 18758.62226 7187.55991 3856.80504 1715.86152 28212.68867 18290.07616 22286.88243 2219.35815 38169.05682 12270.72002 22278.07012
end repeat

02 July 2005

Mold Infections are Widespread

Recently I worked with a family in Florida with a mold infection in their home. Blood analyses showed Stachybotrys chartarum. This mold is very infectious, extremely toxic, and it appears that a lot of people have at least a mild infection. Getting rid of it improves energy state and immune function.

The ABPA is quite effective at eliminating this mold both in people and in walls.

Stachybotrys chartarum: The Toxic Indoor Mold

Berlin D. Nelson, Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo (Berlin.Nelson@ndsu.nodak.edu)

Stachybotrys chartarum is a fungus that has become notorious as a mycotoxin producer that can cause animal and human mycotoxicosis. Indeed, over the past 15 years in North America, evidence has accumulated implicating this fungus as a serious problem in homes and buildings and one of the causes of the "sick building syndrome." In 1993-1994, there was an unusual outbreak of pulmonary hemorrhage in infants in Cleveland, Ohio, where researchers found S. chartarum growing in the homes of the sick infants. This incident increased the awareness of home/building molds and brought this fungus to the immediate attention of the medical community. In recent years there has been a cascade of reports about toxic molds in the national media. The New York Times Magazine, August 12, 2001, ran a front page story on toxic mold. Newspaper articles (Fig. 1) such as "Fungus in 'Sick' Building" (New York Times, May 5, 1996) or "Mold in schools forces removal of Forks kids" (Fargo Forum, June 1997) are eye-catching news items. The nationally syndicated comic strip Rex Morgan ran a series on Stachybotrys, and television news shows have run entire programs on Stachybotrys contamination of homes. The fungus has resulted in multimillion dollar litigations and caused serious problems for homeowners and building managers who must deal with the human issues and remediation.

As a mycologist, I have been advising public officials and the general public on the issues concerning indoor molds. Our region experienced one of the greatest natural disasters of modern times when the Red River flooded in 1997. In Grand Forks, ND, alone, there were 9,000 flooded homes. There was an enormous need for information on the effects of the flood on human health in the Red River Valley. Because of the increasing awareness of molds in indoor air quality, a coordinated effort by city, state and federal officials to provide information on mold prevention was undertaken. In my observations following the flood and in subsequent years of dealing with indoor mold issues, I have been impressed with the common occurrence and extensive growth of S. chartarum in homes and buildings damaged by flood waters or other types of water incursions and the lack of knowledge by the general public and public and private institutions about this fungus. This review provides information on the fungus, its biologically active compounds, the history of the problem, the controversy about this fungus, and briefly comments on detection and remediation.